Polish national holiday of the Constitution of May 3, . The first democratic European constitution and the second in the world.
Look up (Constitution of May 3, 1791)
Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791 (Polish: Konstytucja Trzeciego Maja) was adopted as a "Government Act" (Polish: Ustawa rządowa) on that date by the Sejm (parliament) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Historian Norman Davies calls it "the first constitution of its type in Europe"
The May 3rd Constitution was designed to redress long-standing political defects of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and its traditional system of "Golden Liberty" conveying disproportionate rights and privileges to the nobility. The Constitution introduced political equality between townspeople and nobility (szlachta) and placed the peasants under the protection of the government, thus mitigating the worst abuses of serfdom. The Constitution abolished pernicious parliamentary institutions such as the liberum veto, which at one time had put the sejm at the mercy of any deputy who might choose, or be bribed by an interest or foreign power, to undo legislation passed by that sejm. The Constitution sought to supplant the existing anarchy fostered by some of the country's magnates with a more democratic constitutional monarchy.
The Constitution was created by Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski, Stanisław Małachowski, Hugo Kołłątaj, Ignacy Potocki, Stanisław Staszic, Scipione Piattoli and others.
it's May 3, i have off!
The first democratic constitution in the world was created in the United States of America, the second one was the Constitution of May 3, 1791 created in Poland. It was the first democratic constitution in Europe!
Gołąbki or Golabki - cabbage rolls (also stuffed cabbage) is a dish consisting of cooked cabbage leaves wrapped around a variety of fillings.
They are a traditional Polish dish made from lightly boiled cabbage leaves or peppers, which are wrapped in a parcel-like manner around minced pork or beef, chopped onions, spices and rice or barley; baked in a casserole dish. Served with a tomato or mushroom sauce.
Gołąbki is the plural of gołąbek, the diminutive of gołąb, meaning "pigeon". This refers to the shape of the roll; none of the ingredients have any connection with the pigeon meat known as squab.
Krosno pronounce 'Kraw-snaw' (in full: The Royal Free City of Krosno, Polish: Królewskie Wolne Miasto Krosno)
It's is a town and county in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland with 50,000 inhabitants. Close to Dukla and Rzeszow.
Notably Krosno is the site of the first oil well (or "mine") in the world.
Krosno is a medieval fortified town, a former Royal Free Town, a centre of cloth, linen, canvas, baize and Hungarian wine trade. Until recently it was a provincial capital. Today it is a medium-sized town with a population of fifty thousand, ranking sixth among Polish towns with the best living conditions. This evident success appears understandable when one looks at the history of the town.
Dukla pronounce 'doo-klah' is a town and an eponymous municipality in southeastern Poland, in the Subcarpathian Voivodship.
The town is populated by 3000 people, while the total population of the commune (gmina) containing the town and the villages surrounding it is 16,640. The total area of the commune is 333,04 km².
The Dukla mountain pass is located in the Carpathians, a few kilometers south of Dukla, on the border with Slovakia and was a scene of a major battle in 1944.
The city of Krosno is located to the north of Dukla.